Circumstantial evidence is defined as that evidence that “indirectly proves a fact in issue through an inference which the fact-finder draws from the evidence established. Resort thereto is essential when the lack of direct testimony would result in setting a felon free. (People v. Matito)
Circumstantial Evidence is sanctioned by Rule 133, Section 5 of the Revised Rules on Evidence and will be used to suffice a conviction:
- MORE THAN ONE. (a)there is more than one circumstance;
- PROVEN. (b)the facts from which the inferences are derived have been proven; and
- RESULTS TO MORAL CERTAINTY WHEN COMBINED/INTERWOVEN (c) the combination of all the circumstances results in a moral certainty that the accused, to the exclusion of all others, is the one who has committed the crime. Thus, to justify a conviction based on circumstantial evidence, the combination of circumstances must be interwoven in such a way as to leave no reasonable doubt as to the guilt of the accused.