Dumaguete City and Negros Oriental offers fun that is close to nature and culture. Here, you can experience top historical sites, natural wonders and finest products.

Negros Oriental is dubbed as the Sunrise Province. This is due to the geographical location of the province which lies at the eastern part of the island of Negros, having all its coastlines face the sunrise. 


  • History and Geography of Negros Oriental
  • Must Try Places and Foods in Dumaguete
  • Top Historical Sites to Visit in Negros Oriental
  • Top Natural Wonders to Visit in Negros Oriental
  • Negros Oriental’s Finest Products
  • Basic Bisaya Languages
  • Important Contact Numbers

History of Negros Oriental


TWO POPULAR NARRATIVES explain the name of this province. The name of Negros island was derived from an old name “Buglas.”  One attributes it to the buglas reeds that were said to be the predominant vegetation at that time.

The other refers to an ancient geological event that wrenched – buklas – the island from a bigger landmass. Negritos, Malayans and Chinese were known to inhabit Buglas long before 1565, the year Miguel Lopez de Legaspi anchored in Bohol. Intrigued, he sent an expedition to reconnoiter the bigger neighboring island. The crew encountered several dark-skinned natives. Thereafter, Buglas was called NEGROS. Augustinians began Christianization of Negros in 1572. In June 1580 Tanjay was constituted as the first parish on the southeastern coast. Citing difficulties in spiritual administration, 13 Augustinian Recollects petitioned the Spanish Court for the island to be partitioned. On January 1, 1890, a Royal Decree established the two Provinces of Negros Oriental and Negros Occidental. Mountain ranges, rising south to north parallel to the shoreline that give the island its majestic backbone, provided the natural demarcation line. Siquijor Island was attached to Negros Oriental. Dumaguete was designated capital.


NEGROS ORIENTAL’S 5,402.30 square kilometers, the largest land area in Central Visayas, is located on the southeastern part of the island, where the sun rises, where each Negros day begins. The Province has 19 municipalities and six cities in three congressional districts, home to 1,231,904 gentle and gentle people (2007 census), 41% of that beldensity is 228 persons per square kilometer, making the Province the least populated in Region VII. Negros Oriental’s provincial civil government was established in May 1901. 

The Provincial Capitol was inaugurated on February ow 15 years old. Population density is 228 persons per square kilometer, making the Province the least populated region in Region VII. Negros Oriental’s provincial civil government was established in May 1901. The Provincial Capitol was inaugurated on February 25, 1925. On April 5, 1955, Pope Pius XII created the Diocese of Dumaguete comprising Negros Oriental Province, Siquijor Sub-Province, and the Negros Occidental towns of San Carlos, Calatrava, Toboso and Escalante. 

On September 17, 1971, Siquijor was separated as an independent province. Negros Oriental’s La Libertad, Guihulngan City, Vallehermoso and Canlaon City were annexed to the new Diocese of San Carlos, which also comprises some Negros Occidental towns and cities when it was created on March 30 1987 and erected on Feb 1o, 1988. Negros Oriental’s spiritual, economic, educational, cultural and political energy are humongous establishments which propel forward-looking activities to make your stay exciting and rewarding.

Must Try Places, Historical Landmarks and Foods in Dumaguete City

Silliman University – First private American Protestant University in Asia and known all over Philippines & Outside for its prestigious education; founded 1901.

Rizal Boulevard- stretches 780 meters long and is considered the “show window of Dumaguete City.”

St. Catherine de Alexandria Church (Cathedral) – Negros Oriental’s oldest stone church, built in the 17th century, is the seat of the Dumaguete Diocese. The Mass to celebrate the liberation of the Province from the Spanish on November 24, 1898 was held in its grounds.

Campanario de Dumaguete (bell tower) – Negros Oriental’s most popular landmark, built as a lookout tower to warn locals of impending raise by seafaring marauders. The first two levels were completed in the 1760’s, with upper levels added around 1870. Buttresses keep it earthquake-proof. The belfry’s biggest and also oldest bell is dated 1818.

A relic of American architecture assembled in 1903, now the oldest structure on campus, houses an ethno-anthro museum with archaelogical artifacts dating as far back as 2000 years ago.

  • Channon Hall
  • Katipunan Hall
  • Luce Auditorium
  • Silliman Library
  • Silliman Hall and Ethno Anthropology Museum

Capitol Area
Provincial Capitol
Gov. Lorenzo G. Teves Memorial AquaCenter
Lamberto Macia Sports Center
Negros Oriental Convention Center

Daro Pottery

Sidlakang Negros Village & Showroom – a one-stop shop of Negros Oriental arts, crafts, delicacies, souvenirs and pasalubong items. 




Sans Rival Cakes & Pastries
Panda Ice-Cream
Budbod sa Tanjay & Budbud Kabug
Island Fruits dried fruits and chewy fruit bars
Ivon Baye-baye

Historical Sites in Negros Oriental

Central Azucarera de Bais  – Bais City- Negros Orienta;’s industry .  pioneer, established in 1918 by the Compania General de Tabacos de Filipinas (Tabacalera) as its first sugarl mill in the Philippines.

Tierra Alta in Valencia, Negros Oriental – enjoy the iconic, instagrammable light house perfect for your getaway, prenups, pictorials and events. Enjoy the breath-taking natural views, accommodations and pool.

Balinsasayao Twin Lakes

Top Natural Wonders to Visit in Negros Oriental

Apo Island
Dauin- a 72-hectare volcanic islet about 5 kilometers off its mother town of Dauin. It is known for its white pebble beaches and a marine sanctuary, and dubbed as “one of the ten best dive sites in the world.

White Sand Bar
Manjuyod- a 7-kilometer stretch of premium white sand that disappears during high tide. A swim-and-sunbathing stop for dolphin and whale watching tours.

Dolphin and Whale Watching
Bais City- One of the best known operations of its kind in the country takes you on a cruise, with lunch on board, to view the dolphones and pygmy sperm whales on Tanon Strait.

Mabinay Caverns
Mabinay – The “Cave Town of Negros Oriental” reportedly has over 400 caves though only a few have been explored. A Dutch-Belgian expedition identified Odloman, at 8,870 meters deep, as the second longest in the Philippines.

Casaroro Falls
Valencia – A single column of roaring water plunges 100 meters into a bathing pool amidst boulder-strewn picnic spaces surrounded by steep rock walls. Rugged trails and 300 concrete steps lead to this most popular of Negros Oriental excursion sites. 

Negros Oriental's Finest Products

Bodbod sa Tanjay- A local variation of the Philippine suman, is best savored with tsokolate and ripe mangoes. 

Panda Fried Ice Cream– luscious vanilla, ube, pandan and choco ice cream wrapped in dough and fried! A much-sought-after delight of locals and visitors alike. 

Silvanas– A blend of mouth-watering meringue, nuts and other choice ingredients wrapped in rich butter cream.


(6335) 225-3557/1766, 09217673483

Holy Child Hospital – (6335) 225-0248 /0510/4841
Negros Oriental Provincial Hospital – (6335) 2252614 / 0950 / 0949
Silliman University Medical Center – (6335) 2250841 / 2253563

Sidlakang Negros Village
EJ Blanco Drive, Piapi, Dumaguete City
(6335) 2251825 / 4220675
[email protected]

Quezon Park, Dumaguete City
(6335) . 2250549 / 4229409

(6335) 225-4401

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